C’est quoi exactement le Stellar?
Stellar est une plate-forme open source et décentralisée qui relie les banques, les systèmes de paiement et les personnes. Il a été conçu pour faciliter les transactions transfrontalières rapides, peu coûteuses et sécurisées.
Stellar was founded by Jed McCaleb, a former co-founder of another popular cryptocurrency Ripple, and by Joyce Kim, a former lawyer. Stellar was initially released on July 31st, 2014 and has always been supported by the non-profit, Stellar Development Foundation.
This Foundation was created in collaboration with Stripe CEO, Patrick Collison, and the company received 2% or 2 billion of the initial stellars in return for its seed investment.
From the start, Stellar had an impressive growth, achieving 3 million unique users by January 2015, and by April 2015, the Stellar Development Foundation upgraded the network to run on a new consensus algorithm, which went live in November of the same year. This new algorithm used a cryptocurrency protocol or SCP (Stellar Consensus Protocol), created by David Mazieres, a Stanford University professor.
The Stellar network is based on blockchain technology. It is basically a decentralised network of servers that run distributed ledgers.
The ledgers update every transaction, with each complete log available on every server. The servers communicate with each other, syncing the ledger every 2-5 seconds. This communication process is what is known as consensus.
To send payments on the Stellar network, you will have to be issued credit by Anchors. Anchors essentially act as a link between any particular currency and the Stellar network, and one will need to exchange debit for credit with an Anchor on the network. In exchange for your deposit, credit will be issued to your virtual wallet, which can be sent or received on the network between participants.
A major benefit is that Stellar supports a distributed exchange model. This then allows a user to send a payment in a particular currency, such as USD, even though they may be holding EUR credit. The Stellar network will perform the forex conversion automatically at the best available rates. In addition, the recipient of the funds can then withdraw the funds through a partner institute, such as a bank.
Stellar and Lumens
Stellar has its native cryptocurrency called Lumens. It uses Lumens as the bridge currency (or cryptocoin) on its network. As the native asset on the Stellar network, Lumens (or XLM) serve two important functions: they facilitate seamless multi-currency transactions as well as discourage DoS attacks on the network by attaching a nominal fee of 0.00001 lumens on every transaction. DoS attacks are usually malicious attempts by unethical participants who may attempt to flood the network.
All three terms, Stellar, Lumens and XLM, are used interchangeably, though Stellar is the blockchain network, Lumen is the cryptocurrency and XLM is its trading symbol.
XLM has generated investor attention because of real-world use cases of the Stellar network. In August 2014, Mercado Bitcoin, the first Brazilian Bitcoin exchange, announced it would be using the Stellar network and in 2016, Deloitte announced its integration with Stellar to build a cross-border payments application, Deloitte Digital Bank.
Notably, since 2017, Stellar has had a long-running partnership with technology giant IBM. IBM has been using XLM for its real-world blockchain solutions, and the company even announced that it is not planning to release its own crypto token, which further cements the case for XLM being IBM’s token of choice for cross border payment solutions. In January 2018, Mobius Network ran its ICO (initial coin offering) on the Stellar network.
Like Ethereum, the Stellar platform also allows users to develop other decentralised apps (dApps) and tokens. There have also been other stablecoin projects, notably USD Anchor, which are fully backed by fiat currencies.
Stablecoins facilitate easy fiat-to-crypto exchanges, and they also help to eliminate the volatility concern of cryptocoins. Naturally, all projects undertaken on the Stellar platform will boost the profile and appeal of XLM coins.
Advantages of Trading XLM CFDs with AvaTrade
Cryptocoins are a lucrative financial asset class. Trading cryptocoins, such as XLM, with AvaTrade comes with the following advantages:
- AvaTrade offers trading on cryptocurrency CFDs (contracts for difference). With CFDs, since you are merely speculating on the asset price and not actually purchasing cryptocurrencies; you do not need to worry about your cryptos being lost or stolen.
- With AvaTrade, you do not need to create a wallet in order to trade cryptocurrencies. This simplifies the trading process.
- When trading CFDs, you can profit when markets are increasing and also when they are falling. Since you are only speculating on the asset price, you are not impacted by declining prices.
- AvaTrade offers a secure trading environment. We are regulated via 8 authorities across 5 continents and our client funds are protected at all times.
- Many crypto exchanges charge hefty fees for each transaction. At AvaTrade, there are no fees or hidden costs and we also offer zero commissions and no bank fees on transactions.
- You can also trade cryptocurrencies with generous leverage, giving you more exposure to trade than your account balance. AvaTrade offers up to 2:1 (for EU residents) and 25:1 (for non-EU residents) leverage.
- At AvaTrade, we offer automated trading for convenience and flexibility. When you trade, you can preset profit and loss levels by using stop losses or take profit limits when you trade. Future orders like Buy Stops and Buy Limits are also available.
- Unlike many exchanges who restrict their clients to trade only crypto to crypto, the clients at AvaTrade are able to trade cryptos against a wide choice of fiat currencies such as USD, EUR, JPY and more.
At its launch in 2014, the Stellar network had 100 billion stellars. Stellar.org intended to distribute the initial 100 billion lumens as follows: 50% given away to individuals; 25% given away to partners who included governments, institutions, businesses and NGOs; 20% to Bitcoin and Ripple coin owners; and finally, 5% was reserved for the organisation’s operational expenses.
The giveaway is extremely important for Stellar, as it allows the network to expand its reach as well as achieve a more inclusive digital economy.
The Stellar network has an integrated fixed inflation mechanism, which sees new XLM coins added to the network at a rate of 1% per year. As well, funds raised from base fees on the network are added to the inflation pool.
As of January 2019, 8.65 billion Lumens had already been distributed, with the circulating supply standing at 19.16B. At the same time, the total supply of Lumens stood at 104.68 billion.
XLM has had an interesting trading history. Its ICO was presented on August 1st, 2014 when it started at $0.15. The ICO raised $39 million. By the end of 2014, the XLM value had grown fivefold, and in May 2017, XLM spiked from $0.00547 to above $0.047 in just over 3 days.
The subsequent cryptocurrency rally saw the XLM coin post its all-time high of $0.91 in January 2018. After that, it fell, alongside the entire crypto market, but it has been resilient enough to lose about 30% of its value when most cryptocoins have posted an average of about 90% losses. As of January 2019, XLM was trading at circa $0.08 with a market value of about $1.586 billion (~456,927 BTC).
Stellar is one of the few networks with on-going real-life use cases. Stellar’s near-zero fees have lowered the costs of remittances and even made it possible to make micropayments cheaply.
Its real-time settlement of 2-5 seconds is a leader in the industry, while the company has also set the pace in international mobile money integration. Alongside IBM and Deloitte, Stellar also has huge working partnerships with Parkway Projects and TEMPO Money Transfer. As more partners are incorporated, XLM will likely attract even more demand.
Stellar Trading Information at AvaTrade
- MT4 Symbol: _XLMUSD
- Trading Time: 24/7 GMT
- Typical spread: 2% over market
- Minimum Nominal Trade Size: 100
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- Où puis-je trader Stellar ?
Comme il s’agit d’une des crypto monnaies les plus populaires, il existe littéralement des dizaines de bourses de crypto monnaies où les lumens stellaires peuvent être tradées. Cependant, pour la plupart d’entre elles, vous aurez d’abord besoin de Bitcoin ou d’une autre crypto monnaies pour effectuer votre échange. Une façon beaucoup plus simple de trader Stellar Lumens est de spéculer sur le prix de la crypto monnaies en utilisant les CFD. En procédant de la sorte, votre trading sera plus simple et plus rationnel. Et vous pouvez trader les CFD Stellar Lumens ici même, sur AvaTrade. En fait, vous pourriez commencer dès aujourd’hui en ouvrant un compte en quelques minutes.
- Stellar Lumens est-il une bonne crypto monnaies pour les trader ?
En tant que l’une des principales crypto monnaies depuis un certain temps, Stellar Lumens a attiré beaucoup d’investissements, et elle continue de voir de bons volumes de trading et de liquidité sur une base quotidienne. Cela en fait un bon choix pour les traders, qui n’auront plus à se soucier autant des écarts de prix et des situations d’illiquidité. La pièce est également assez volatile sur une base quotidienne, ce qui donne aux traders à court terme de nombreuses possibilités de profiter des mouvements quotidiens, et parfois horaires, de Stellar Lumens. La meilleure façon de trader est d’utiliser les CFDs de crypto monnaies et vous pouvez les trader ici même chez AvaTrade en toute simplicité.
- Quelle est la meilleure stratégie pour trader Stellar Lumens ?
Stellar Lumens a tendance à monter et descendre par vagues assez prévisibles, ce qui rend une stratégie de crossover à moyenne mobile appropriée pour trader cette crypto monnaies. Bien entendu, toute stratégie de trading de crypto monnaies devrait également inclure l’utilisation de CFD. Cela ne fait que faciliter le trading, avec beaucoup moins de choses à apprendre et beaucoup moins de risques de perdre vos pièces. Cela permet également d’utiliser un effet de levier, qui peut accroître considérablement les bénéfices du trader lorsqu’il est utilisé correctement. Pourquoi ne pas essayer votre stratégie de trading Stellar Lumens dès aujourd’hui en tradant des CFD sur AvaTrade ?